Description: Showy tropical shrub with broad ovate, bright green, hairy leaves with crenate margins' bright red flowers in long, pendant spikes resembling foxtails. Tropical climate.
Uses: Traditional Folk Medicine:
In indonesia, a root and flower decoction is used for hemoptysis. Leaf poultice used for leprosy.
In Malaya, decoction of leaves and flowers taken internally as laxative and diuretic for gonorrhea.
Bark used as expectorant and for asthma.
In Africa, bark root used for pulmonary problems; leaf for leprosy, and flower for kidney ailments and as diuretic.
Studies have identified:
Antimicrobial: Studies of leaf extracts isolated gallic aicd, corilagin and geranin responsible for antimicrobial activity.
Trypanocidal: Aequous extract of Acalypha hispida leaves suggest trypanocidal effect.
Anti-ulcer / Anti-tumor: Studies yielded geraniin and dehydroellagitannins which suggest diverse biological properties including anti-ulcer and anti-tumor effects, antibacterial activity against helicobacter pylori and antifungal activity.
Phytochemicals: Phytochemical studies yield phenolics, flavonoids, hydroxyanthraquinones and saponins. It also detected steroids , phlobatannins and glycosides.
Anthocyanins: Study isolated three anthocyanins from the red flowers of the chenille plant.
IMPORTANT NOTE:Plant Uses are for informational purposes only. EEB Greenhouses assume no responsibility for adverse effects from the use of any plants referred to on this site. Always seek advice from a professional before using any plant medicinally.
USDA Zone: 10a-11
Accession # 198500271
Accession Date: 12-31-1985
Bench: 1209 - AUS:Ground Bed 1 SE
Currently: active - healthy
Qty: 4 confirmed on 02-14-2020
Poisonous Plant Parts - Not for Human Consumption Ingestion of these plants may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea.