Vine, stems strongly 4-ribbed to 4-winged, often nearly leafless; leaves simple, broadly cordate-ovate, sometimes 3-lobed, to 2 inches long; flowers greenish, in short cymes; fruit red.
Tropical and southern Africa and much of tropical Asia
The epithet is often misspelled quadrangularis
Many traditional medicinal uses reported, modern scientific studies have shown evidence of the following benefits: anti- oxidant, weight loss, bone healing, anti- ulcer, analgesic, antiostereoporotic, anabolic and androgenic activity, anti- inflammatory, antihemorrhoidal and venotonic activity. Studies showed no signs of detrimental effects to rats.
From Philippine Alternative Medicine
Hortus Third, LH Bailey Hortorium, 1976
data regenerated on Wed, 14 Feb 2018 13:28:41 -0500