Inflorescence dichasial, insect pollinated. Females subtended by cone-scales making up a red cone and consisting of a single nucellus enclosed in an integument and another layer derived from two confluent primordia ('perianth') with 2 'bracts'; megaspore mother-cell grows into a prothallus without archegonia. Male flowers subtended by cone-scalesmaking up a red cone and consisting of 2 lateral 'bracts' and a 'perianth' formed by the union of 2 bract-like organs, 6 microsporangiophores and a sterile unitegmic ovule; male gametophyte merely a tube-nucleus, an abortive sterile cell and a cell giving rise to 2 sperm nuclei. As pollen tubes penetrate prothallus, prothallial tubes grow up to meet them in the nucellus, fusion of females and males allegedly occurring in the tubes; many zygotes but only one matures and is dispersed with 'perianth' as a wing.
Difficult to cultivate requiring desert conditons and room to accomodate its long taproot. Propagated by seeds.
data regenerated on Tue, 15 Jan 2019 11:15:01 -0500 [bcm v4.0]