A native of China and cultivated in Japan for many centuries, this deciduous tree grows to about 20 ft (6 m) with spreading branches. Its dark green oval leaves turn yellow to deep orange in fall (autumn). It has small, cream flowers and orange or yellow fruit about 3 in (8 cm) across.
Also used as an...Appetizer, sialagogue[116, 176, 178]. The stem bark is astringent and styptic. The fruit is said to have different properties depending on its stage of ripeness, though it is generally antitussive, astringent, laxative, nutritive and stomachic[218, 238]. The fresh fully ripe fruit is used raw in the treatment of constipation and haemorrhoids and when cooked is used to treat diarrhoea.. The dried ripe fruit is used in the treatment of bronchial complaints, whilst when ground into a powder it is used to treat dry coughs. Juice from the unripe fruit is used in the treatment of hypertension[218, 238]. The fruits, picked green and ripened in containers with the leaves, become very sweet and are considered to be antifebrile, antivinous and demulcent. The fruits are also peeled and then exposed to sunlight by day and dew by night. They become encrusted with a white powder and are then considered to be anthelmintic, antihaemorrhagic, antivinous, expectorant, febrifuge and restorative. The peduncle is used to treat coughs and hiccups. The calyx is used to treat hiccups. (taken from Plants For A Future)
data regenerated on Wed, 07 Sep 2016 19:28:51 -0400